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Connecticut's Freedom Trail
Walters A.M.E. Zion Church - 423 Broad Street, Bridgeport, CT
Built on the site of a church that once served "Little Liberia" an African American community made up of free blacks, former slaves and their descendents, and migrants from the South
Marion Anderson House - 46 Joe's Hill Rd, Danbury, CT
The great African American contralto lived here for some 50 years.
Nero Hawley Grave - Riverside Cemetery, Daniel's Farm Rd, Trumbull, CT
Hawley was a slave who joined the continental Army during the American Revolution and served at Valley Forge.
Milford Cemetery - Prospect Street, Milford, CT
First Baptist Church - 28 North St., Milford, CT
Six African americans who served in the American Revolution are ampng those memorialized in both the cemetery and church.
Trowbridge Square Historic District - City Point Area, New Haven, CT
Developed by abolitionst Simeon J ocelyn as a working class residential area for African Americans and whites. By 1845, African Americans made up almost 58 percent of the population there.
Grove Street Cemetery - 227 Grove St., New Haven, CT
Abolitionists are buried in this 1796 cemetery.
Prince Hall Masonic Temple - 106 Goffe Street, New Haven, CT
The former goffe Street School, built in 1864 to educate African American Children, closed in 1874 after Connecticut ended racially segregarted education.
Dixwell Avenue United Church of Christ - 217 Dixwell Ave., New Haven, CT
The site of a Congregational Church whose minister and pastor were well known African American leaders.
Hannah Gray Home - 235 Dixwell Ave., New Haven, CT
Donated by the laundress and seamstress to provide a refuge for indigent African American women.
Varick African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church - 242 Dixwell Ave, New Haven, CT
Organized in 1818 when 30 African Americans left the Methodist church to form their own congregation. Booker T washington made his last public speech here before his death in 1915
Hopkins Street Center - 34 Hopkins Street, Waterbury, CT
A community center for Waterbury's African American population from the 1920s to the 1980s
James Mars Grave, Center Cemetery - Old Colony Rd., Norfolk, CT
This freed slave pettitioned the Connecticut General Assembly in an effort to gain African Americans the right to vote.
Milo Freeland Graves - Hillside Cemetery, North Canaan, CT
Credited with being the first African American to volunter for the Union Army during the Civil War.
John Brown Birthplace - John Brown Rd, Torrington, CT
The site of the birthplace of the abolitionist, whose armed raid on the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia, in 1859 foreshadowed the Civil War
Paul Robeson House - 221 Enfield Street, Enfield, CT
The singer, actor, and political activist entertained guests at this home, which he owed from 1940 to 1953
Harriet Beecher Stowe Center - 71 Forest Street, Hartford, CT
The author of the antislavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852) resided here from 1873 until her death in 1896. Open to the public
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art - 600 Main St., Hartford, CT
The museum houses the Amistad Foundation African American Collection, more than 6,000 works of art, posters, broadsides, photographs, memorabilla, and rare books produced by African Americans. Open to the public
Soldiers and Sailors Monument - Bushnell Park/State Capitol, Hartford, CT
The marker notes the contributions of African Americans in the Civil War. In the nearby State Capitol are two banners used in the conflict by Connecticut's all black 29th Regiment.
Frank T. Simpson House - 27 Keney Terrace, Hartford, CT
The Civil rights activist worked to end discrimination in education, housing, unions and employment. Simpson resided in the house from 1952 until his death in 1974
Union Baptist Church - 1921 Main Street, Hartford, CT
The leaders and members of the church made significant contributions to the early civil rights movementt.
North Cemetery - North Main Street, Hartford, CT
The cemetery contains the graves of a number of African Americans who served in the Civil War
Faith Congregational Church - 2030 North Main Street, Hartford, CT
The church was built by the African Religious Society in 1826
West Burying Ground - Middletown, CT
Several local African Americans are interred in this cemetery, including the mother of Amos Beman, one of Connecticut's best known African American civil rights leaders of the 19th century.
Joseph Rainey House - 299 Palisado Avenue, Windsor, CT
Rainey, who bought the house in 1874, was the first African American elected to the U.S. House of Representives. He represented a district in South Carolina from 1870 to 1879
Palisado Cemetery - Palisado Ave., Windsor, CT
Several former slaves are buried here.
Prudence Crandall House - Canterbury, CT
A boarding school opened by Prudence Crandall in 1833 for young African American women. An attack on the school forced her to close it in 1834
Town Green - Colchester, CT
During 1803-04, the "Old District School House for Colored Children" was established near the Green and became famous throughout Connecticut for providing educational opportunities specifically for African American youth. The school closed in 1845.
Venture Smith Grave - First Church Cemetery, East Haddam, CT
Smith was a slave whose experiences were recorded in a contemporary pamphlet. He bought his freedom and that of his wife and children.
Glasgo - Griswold, CT
The village is named after Isaac Glasko, a blacksmith of Native American and African American heritage who established a business in 1806 in what is now the center of Glasgo. The whaling instruments he produced were well known in the ports of New England
Fort Griswold Battlefield State Park - Groton, CT
The site of a Revolutionary War battle in which two African Americans took part. Both were killed in the fighting. Open to the public.
Charles W. Morgan - Mystic Seaport, 50 Greenmanville Ave, Mystic, CT
The 19th century wooden whaling vessel houses displays that explore the important role of Connecticut's African Americans in the state's maritime industries.
Hempstead Historic District - New London, CT
this district located in the city center includes houses that were purchased by free African Americans in the 1840s. Two historic houses in the area are open to the public.
Jail Hill Section - Norwich, CT
Residents of this area, where an African American community lived from the 1830s until the early 1900s, included families active in the antislavery movement in Connecticut.
James Pharmacy - 2 Pennywise Lane, Saybrook, CT
Anna Louis James, the first African American woman to become a pharmacist in Connecticut, operated the pharmacy from 1911 to 1967
Thomas Taylor Grave - Grove Street Cemetery, Putnam, CT
The resting place of the African American who served with the U.S. Navy on the ironclad ship U.S.S. Monitor when it fought the confederate ironclad Merrimac during the Civil War. He was the last survivor of that famous battle. He died in 1932
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